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UPDATE December 2014:  The Togo Project is underway!  This project is providing potable water to a small community helping to avoid water disease, helping children to survive and to go school on time, preventing women from walking long distances in search of a clean water source for their family.  In addition we are able to educate by forming and training a water committee in the local community to operate and maintain water for the community.  We are also increasing awareness on personal hygiene and environmental cleanliness to beneficiaries.  Join us please in our fight to save lives as no one should have to live without clean water.  Please go to the donate tab to see how you can help.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Batome Primary School, Togo, West Africa

Vision Statement Like many countries of West Africa, Togo remains unable to provide improved water access to the majority of its 2.5 million people living in rural areas. Many rural women must walk further than 15 minutes from their homes 4-6 times per day to collect drinking water from polluted surface water sources to the transport and storage, or from non-protected boreholes. The surface water sources are shared with animals and are both highly turbid (many suspended particles) and contaminated with fecal coli form. Such contamination creates numerous risks for public health, particularly high incidence of diarrheal disease in children under 5 which is the third leading cause of death world-wide and is responsible for 1/4 of the stunted growth of the surviving children in the developing world. Water purification techniques used in high-income nations are neither economically nor technically feasible in developing countries. As a result,there is a critical need for inexpensive, appropriate water purification methods.WWB’s mission is to improve the well-being of needy Togolese women and children by seeking to alleviate the basic need for clean and safe water as well as a sanitary environment for the Togolese women and children.

Organizational Profile Water Without Borders (WWB) is a 501 (c) 3 organization committed to providing safe drinking water to communities in need, nationally and internationally, while being respectful of the environmental impact our efforts may cause in the areas in which we operate. Water WithoutBorders utilizes a "need-specific" approach, because a refugee containment facility in sub-Sahara Africa afflicted with dysentery may not be the best solution for a community in theSoutheast United States devastated by hurricane. Water Without Borders has been dedicated to finding the best solution for an affected community, whether it be drilling wells, laying new water mains, installing filters, or building water plants. So far, our efforts have taken us toSouth Dakota, Africa, Haiti, and Honduras.

Project Management Team Water Without Borders was founded by Franklin Evert, legally blind since the age of 20, due to a degenerative ocular disease. Working at an international water filtration company, Franklin learned the finer points of running an international business, just as he learned of the desperate need that much of the world has for safe, clean and accessible water.A team of individuals who share his vision is in place. Larry Sullivan V.P has a background in internet technology and construction. Barbara Moore, Treasurer of Water Without Borders,has a background in management and administration. Mary Ann Cantella, a Nurse Practitioner,has a background in medicine and infectious disease. Kimberly Evert, Secretary of WaterWithout Borders, has a background in sales and marketing. All of the above board members have a strong commitment to Water Without Borders and this project.

WWB has enlisted the help of the Action Enfance Development Togo (“AED”) and the AEDwishes to improve the health of local communities through education, by increasing awareness of a healthy environment and by changing current attitudes and practices towards personal hygiene.

Action Enfance et Développement Togo (AED Togo) was founded in 1998 by a group of Young students. It is a non-profit, registered charity organization which works with and for the poorest of the Togolese people. It is located in the Togolese capital Lome.

Since 1998 AED has helped 15,000 children and 25,000 women. An example of these efforts isAED’s experience with bringing Tado a clean drinking water supply in 2007. Four (4) aresupplied with a system of collecting through drilling, storage, distribution over more than 2kms with a terminal of 5 kiosks and a total of 15 taps, also including the drinking water supply to the dispensary and the 6 schools of the locality. All this is followed up with a training program of 2agents of maintenance the setting up of water committees and training sessions of the population on hygiene and health. This project is financed by Aqua France. The second experience is the projects of drinking water and toilet hygiene at the public primary schools of Attikpa, Avenou, Agbalepedo, Adakpame and Klikame (supported by RWF).

AED has several experiences with regard to project management. For three years, AED has organized:

  • Distribution of bed kits to more than 6,000 children in a program supported by Sleeping Children around the World Canada www.scaw.org
  • The electrification by photovoltaic of the dispensary of Tado financed by Energy assistance of Belgium www.energy-assistance.org
  • The initiation of the children of street and others stripped with the computer tools by the support of Aedev www.aedev.org France.

AED has a dynamic team of more than 35 volunteers including / technicians and 3 employees all able to intervene on several projects at the same time. It is also equipped with a technical system of drilling and other tools making it possible to carry out installations of drinking water delivery system.

The Need Life depends on water. Health depends on safe water. In general unsanitary water conditions are responsible for a litany of health problems. The following are supporting facts from the World Health Organization.

Who 2011

  • Lack of sanitation is a serious health risk and an affront to human dignity. It affects billions of people around the world, particularly the poor and disadvantaged. If the trend continues as currently projected, by 2015 there will be 2.7 billion people without access to basic sanitation
  • Examples of diseases transmitted through water contaminated by human waste include diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and hepatitis A. In Africa, 115 people die every hour from diseases linked to poor sanitation, poor hygiene and contaminated water.
  • Studies show that improved sanitation reduces diarrhea death rates by a third. Diarrhea is a major killer and largely preventable: it is responsible for 1.5 million deaths every year, mostly among under-five children living in developing countries.
  • Adequate sanitation encourages children to be at school, particularly girls. Access to latrines raises school attendance rates for children: an increase in girls’ enrolment can be attributed to the provision of separate, sanitary facilities.

Who 2012

  • The quality of drinking-water is a powerful environmental determinant of health. Assurance of drinking-water safety is a foundation for the prevention and control of waterborne diseases.

Who 2008 How does safer water impact global health? Q & A

  • Safe water supplies, hygienic sanitation and good water management are fundamental to global health. Almost one tenth of the global disease burden could be prevented by:
    • increasing access to safe drinking water;
    • improving sanitation and hygiene; and
    • improving water management to reduce risks of water-borne infectious diseases
  • Annually, safer water could prevent:
    • 1.4 million child deaths from diarrhea;
    • 500,000 deaths from malaria;
    • 860,000 child deaths from malnutrition;

The Project All life depends on water. Health depends on safe, clean, accessible water. The solution is simple: provide sustainable sources of clean water, good hygiene, and proper sanitation for the Batome Primary School (students pictured above).

Batome is located at 10 kms in northern of Lome, the capital of Togo in West Africa. The public primary school of Batome is an establishment where there is no water and sanitation. Some classrooms were without a roof several years ago and the children are subjected to various bad weather conditions. There is no clean water provided to the children and they must buy their water from street vendors, usually not the best of quality. Being there are no restrooms for urination and defecation, there are significant risks of contamination and disease. Children are left to urinate at the back of the building and defecate in their pants, thus leading to human and environmental hazards that will eventually lead to illness and in too many cases, death.

Project Objectives

  • Drilling a well to provide drinking water to the children.
  • Construction of 5 hand washing stations for children to clean their hands.
  • Construction of a five stances latrine for hygiene and sanitation facilities.
  • Setting of a water and hygiene committee in the community.
  • To set up in the classes, health and hygiene clubs and a group for the diffusion of the good practices of hygiene and health in the school.
  • Training of teachers as trainers on hygiene and heath care.
  • Construction of yard taps to fetch water to drink
  • To train technicians for maintenance of installations

There are a total of 583 children including 321 girls and 262 boys. 200 neighbors of the school will benefit as well.

Strategies for Reducing Water Contamination

Drilling and the latrines will be distant from the other in order to avoid any kind of pollution and underground contamination. The source of drilling must be protected in order to avoid any kind of contamination. Our system of buried drilling guarantees protection without any pollution or contamination. The water obtained with drilling will be subjected to testing in an approved laboratory to make sure that it is drinkable and not infected. The toilets are built far from the sanitation and in places which answer the necessary environmental conditions. The upkeep of the outskirts of the sanitation and school compound will be carried out daily by health clubs. The sanitation facilities area, classrooms, school compound, buckets and cups for water will be cleaned daily by children gathered in the health and hygiene clubs.

The children will be taught during the courses of morals on hygiene and health. They will be indicated on the use of the hand washing stations to correctly wash the hands with water and soap before and after the meals and on the return of the toilets. The population will periodically take part in workshops of sensitization and training on the concepts of hygiene and health for them to adopt good behaviors in particular the use of clean utensils for drawing up water, the covering of the basins for storing water, the cleaning of hands before preparing meal or on coming out from toilet, the protection of meals, the regular cleaning of toilets, the good separation and protection of water Intended for drink from those for washing clothes and dishes; The clubs of hygiene and health and the group of sketch will use their services for practical lessons on hygiene and health. Two technicians will be trained to ensure the maintenance of the installations.

Project Implementation

The team of Water Without Borders will be responsible for the implementation of the project. AED will work hand in hand with the parents’ committee of the school and the engineering division of the regional water supply service. AED Togo will inform with regular reports to WWB about the various stages of the evolution of the work backed with photographs and written reports; the funds will be at the disposal of AED Togo for the implementation work. The parents’ committee which will become responsible for the installations will contribute by labor and particular through digging of the trenches, the supply of wood, sand and water for the work . The regional water supply service will be responsible for providing WWB and AED Togo with the technical information relating to the ground water of the locality. It will bring its technical assistance by placing at the disposal of AED Togo a technician who will have to assist us in the preparation and the realization of the project.

Key persons involved directly in the implementation of the project are:

  • The president of Water Without Borders
  • The National Coordinator of AED Togo
  • The Drinking water and sanitation technician of AED Togo
  • The Social Moderator (organizer)
  • The engineer of the regional water supply service
  • The District Health Centre Hygiene Assistant
  • The head of the Parent’s Committee

Monitoring and Evaluation

Follow-up and evaluation will be also be carried out by AED. The task of the team will be to ensure that the technical and environmental standards are respected. When they start using the provided drinking water a field investigation will be carried out to ensure water quality and proper use of the sanitation facilities.

Read the full report including the Line Schedule of Implementation and the Cost Economics.

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More than 311 million Africans are without access to improved drinking water sources.
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